2040 – Carbon Emissions Still Rising
Scientists announce that annual human-made carbon dioxide emissions have now risen to 56.8 billion tonnes equivalent. That is a massive 58% increase since the turn of the century. This is despite many nations making substantial reductions in their greenhouse gas emissions. The dramatic rise has been caused predominantly by a booming world population, an unregulated increase in affluence and a general reluctance to adopt renewable technologies. As a result, the amount of carbon dioxide equivalent in the atmosphere has soared to over 545 ppm – roughly double what it was at the turn of the twentieth century.
Scientists Measure Atmospheric Concentrations of Carbon Dioxide
2042 – Wild Fires Ravage Europe
Extreme summer temperatures have caused massive outbreaks of wildfires across Southern Europe. Early estimates put the damage at $3.5 billion. Spain, Southern France, Turkey, the Balkans, Italy and Portugal have all suffered as forests, orchards and crops have burnt to the ground. In total, some 600,000 people have been affected in addition to an estimated 1,500 losing their lives as the fires rampage through small communities at speeds of as much as 50 kilometres per hour. Nearly all public transport has been cancelled, and millions have been left without electricity. In some cases, the fires have become so large that they can be seen from space. Climatologists blame the fires on the decrease in rainfall and record-breaking summer temperatures which have left the forests tinder-dry. Worryingly too, as temperatures continue to rise, climatologists state that the fires will get even larger and last for even longer. With water shortages already affecting Southern Europe and the deserts expanding, many estimate it will not be long before some Mediterranean towns become completely abandoned.
Firefighters Battle Flames in a Small Rural Town in Spain
Waves of Water Roll Through the Streets of Manhattan
2047 – World Cities Washed Away by Monster Storms!
The world is left reeling as coastal cities around the world succumb to rising sea levels and raging storms. In particular, Mumbai, Shanghai, New Orleans, Amsterdam, New York City, Mumbai, Tokyo and Osaka have all been hit hard. In total, some 68 million people have been evacuated from their homes, with some 10 million unable to return due to the extent of the damage to their properties. Across the globe, some 500,000 people have lost their lives to the storms in addition to an estimated $120 billion in damages. Climatologists state that these massive storms are just the beginning though. As global average temperatures rise, so too will the intensity of the storms and the average height of sea levels. Ominously, climatologists predict that this could result in annual damages of more than $800 billion by the end of the century.
Climate Change in the 2050s
The damage caused by climate change does not stop in 2047! Find out what disasters our greenhouse gas emissions will likely cause in the next decade by selecting the link below. Alternatively, find out how we can stop climate change by returning to the main menu.
Image of scientists measuring atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (Kennedy Siding Flux Tower) taken by Andreas Christen, released on Flickr and reproduced under Creative Commons license CC BY 2.0. Minor modifications undertaken by SUPER RADICAL LTD.
Image of firefighters in Spain created by SUPER RADICAL LTD. Firemen overlay taken by an anonymous source and reproduced with permission. Fire underlay sourced from ‘Fire Inside an Abandoned Convent in Massueville‘ taken by Sylvain Pedneault, released on Wikimedia and reproduced under Creative Commons license CC BY-SA 3.0.
Images of waves in Manhattan created by SUPER RADICAL LTD. City underlay sourced from ‘Manhattan Street‘ taken by Willem van Bergen, released on Flickr and reproduced under Creative Commons license CC BY-SA 2.0. Screaming woman overlay taken by Johan Larson and reproduced under license from Adobe Stock. Boat overlay sourced from ‘Rescued Flood Victims‘ taken by the U.S. Geological Survey and released into the public domain. Wave underlay sourced from ‘The Wedge‘ taken by SkiEngineer and reproduced under Creative Commons license CC BY-SA 4.0. Sky underlay sourced from ‘Storm in the South Pacific‘ taken by Fanny Schertzer and reproduced under Creative Commons license CC BY-SA 3.0.
Barrels of oil equivalent is based on 1628.2 kWh of energy being contained within each barrel. Data sourced from Unit Juggler – 'Converter: Barrel of Oil Equivalent to Kilowatt-Hour' – unitjuggler.com.
The volume of one tonne of carbon dioxide is equivalent to 556.2 cubic metres. Sourced from International Carbon Bank and Exchange – 'CO2 Volume Calculation' – www.icbe.com.
For further information about any of the sources listed, please visit the ZERO EMISSION WORLD Works Cited page.